Lewis Baltz

Biography

Next to Bernd and Hilla Becher, Stephen Shore and Henry Wessel, Lewis Baltz is one of the most prominent representatives of the New Topographics movement, which was seminal to the development of conceptual photography. 

Baltz’s photo series document the side effects of industrial civilization on the landscape, focusing on places that lie outside the bounds of canonical reception: urban wastelands, abandoned industrial sites, warehouses. His photographs uncover the correspondences between spatial forms that occur in the everyday world and advanced forms found in art. Baltz’s strategies imply a reflexive knowledge of the history of photography in that they deploy the photographer as a teacher of seeing who makes things visible through reductive gestures. He already turned in the mid-1960s towards a reduced, minimalist-style aesthetic, orienting himself on artists in the fields of painting, sculpture and Land Art. 
The Prototype Works and the 25-piece The Tract Houses are among his earliest projects, which broke with mainstream photographic traditions to reveal pronounced modernist references. Baltz manages in his work to extend the notion of the documentary; he “emphasizes the paradoxical position of photography within the art history of its time” (Sheryl Conkelton).
Baltz’s minimalist and reduced image compositions explore the photographic style as a process, and refer not only to the art of photographers like Lee Friedlander or Robert Frank but also to painters and sculptors of his day such as Donald Judd, Frank Stella, Jasper Johns or Sol LeWitt. Convergences are to be found in his formal and aesthetic compositional patterns as well as in the content he fixes on, which Baltz subjects to a highly critical analysis, without however losing sight of essentials. The focus is on universal aspects instead of particularities, as expressed above all in his Prototype Works.
Born in Newport, California, in 1945, Lewis Baltz studied photography at the Art Institute in San Francisco from 1966–69 and went on to hold various teaching positions and professorships in the 1970s. Through 2014 he taught at the Istituto Universitario di Architettura in Venice, where he lived and worked, while also maintaining a home in Paris. At the young age of 26 he had his first solo exhibition of photographs, at Leo Castelli in New York. In 1975 Lewis Baltz then took part in the New Topographics exhibition at George Eastman House. Since then, his works have been featured in numerous international solo and group exhibitions, and they are included in various important collections worldwide. In 2010 Baltz’s works has been on view at MOCA Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art as well as at the LACMA, Los Angeles. A solo exhibition followed at the Art Institute of Chicago, and the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC in 2011.

Biography

Born 1945 in Newport, California, USA.

Died 2014 in Paris, France.

Education and Teaching

1969 – 1971

Study at the Art Institute of San Francisco and at the Claremont Graduate School

1970 – 1972

Instructor for Photography at the Pamona College, Pamona and at the California Institute of Arts, Valencia, California

1972 – 2003

Several guest professorships at European and US-American universities and art colleges

2004

Professor at the Istituto Universitario di Architettura di Venezia, Venice, Italy

Grants and Awards

1991

1991 Charles Pratt Memorial Award

1980

US-UK Bicentennial Exchange Fellowship

1977

John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship

1976

Fellowship of the National Endowment for the Arts

1973

Fellowship of the National Endowment for the Arts

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2024

Lewis Baltz | Jeff Wall, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

2019

Lewis Baltz | Sol LeWitt, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

2018

Lewis Baltz. Sites of Technology, Andreas Murkudis, Berlin, Germany

2017

Lewis Baltz, Fundación MAPFRE, Madrid, Spain

Lewis Baltz. Sites of Technology, Grand-Hornu MAC´s, Grand-Hornu, Belgium

2015

Lewis Baltz. Sites of Technology, Wako Works of Art, Tokyo, Japan

2014

Lewis Baltz. Common Objects, Le Bal, Paris, France

2013

Lewis Baltz, Albertina, Vienna, Austria

2012

Lewis Baltz, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Lewis Baltz, Kestnergesellschaft, Hannover, Germany

2011

Lewis Baltz. Sites of Technology, Galeri Mana, Istanbul, Turkey

Lewis Baltz. Candlestick Point, Art Unlimited / Art Basel 42, Zander Galerie, Basel, Switzerland

Lewis Baltz. Prototypes / Ronde de Nuit, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

2010

Lewis Baltz. Prototypes / Ronde de Nuit, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Lewis Baltz / Donald Judd, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

Lewis Baltz. The Park City Portfolio, California Museum of Photography, Riverside, California, USA

2008

Lewis Baltz, Andrew Roth, New York, NY, USA

Lewis Baltz. 1989-91 Sites of Technology, Gallery Luisotti, Santa Monica, California, USA

2007

BALTZ 89 / 91 Sites of Technology, Galleria Civica di Modena, Modena, Italy

BALTZ 89 / 91, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

2006

Kunstverein Bremerhaven, Bremerhaven, Germany

2005

Lewis Baltz. Candlestick Point (1989) and Prototype Works (1966-1976), Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

2004

Lewis Baltz. Sites of Technology, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

2002

Lewis Baltz. Neue Topografik, Marburger Kunstverein, Marburg, Germany

Canadian Center for Architecture, Montreal Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

University Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

2001

Lewis Baltz. Was wäre wenn, Kunstverein Rüsselsheim, Rüsselsheim, Germany

Norton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena, California, USA

1998

The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

1995

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark

1993

Lewis Baltz. Rule Without Exception, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland

Musee d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France

1992

Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France

Seibu Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan

Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

1991

Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa, USA

John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Florida, USA

Mills College Art Gallery, Oakland, California, USA

University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

1990

Lewis Baltz. Rule Without Exception, New York Institute of Contemporary Art P.S.1, New York, NY, USA

1986

Orange County Museum of Art, Costa Mesa, California, USA

1985

Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

Castelli Gallery, New York, NY, USA

1984

Matrix, University Art Museum, U.C. Berkeley, California, USA

1981

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

Castelli Gallery, New York , NY, USA

1980

Werkstatt für Photographie, Berlin, Germany

1979

Nova Scotia College of Art and Design, Halifax, Canada

Castelli Gallery, New York, NY, USA

1976

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, USA

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, La Jolla, California, USA

1975

Castelli Gallery, New York, NY, USA

Philadelphia College of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

1974

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

1973

Castelli Gallery, New York, NY, USA

1971

Castelli Gallery, New York (and 1985, 1989), NY, USA


Selected Group Exhibitions

2024 – 2025

Fragile Beauty: Photographs from the Sir Elton John and David Furnish Collection, Victoria Albert Museum, London, UK 

2024

Under Construction: Lewis Baltz and Rodrigo Calenzuela, Kimball Art Center, Park City, Utah, USA

Reverberations, MOCA, Los Angeles (Grand Avenue), CA, USA

2023

Barbara T.Smith: Treasures, The Box, Los Angeles, California, USA

2022 – 2024

Mix & Match. Rediscovering The Collection, Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany

2022

German Caviar. The Photography Collection, Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany

“Earth: A Retrospective”. El Ultimo Grito and the Per Amor a l’Art Collection, Bombas Gens Centre d’Art, València, Spain

Sculpting Reality. Per Amor a l’Art Collection, PhotoEspaña 2022, Círculo de Bellas Artes & Casa de América, Madrid, Spain

2021

American Photography, Albertina, Vienna, Austria

2019

In the Sunshine of Neglect, California Museum of Photography UCR Arts, Riverside, California, USA

2018

The Pulse of the Body. Uses and representations of space. Per Amor a l’Art Collection, Bombas Gens Centre d’Art, València, Spain

Camera Austria International. Laboratory for Photography and Theory, Museum der Moderne Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria

25 Years! Shared Histories, Shared Stories, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland

Konzeptuelle Fotografie aus der Sammlung Falckenberg, Triennial of Photography, Deichtorhallen, Harburg, Hamburg, Germany

FLUX Feelings, Ratskeller – Cercle Cité, Ville-Haute Luxembourg, Luxemburg

The Time. The Place. Contemporary Art from the Collection, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, Washington, USA

The Beauty of Lines. Masterpieces from the Sondra Gilman and Celso Gonzalez-Falla collection, Musée de l’Elysée Lausanne, Switzerland

2017

The Photographic I – Other Pictures, S.M.A.K. Stedelijk Museum, Gent, Belgium

2016

Lewis Baltz with works by Carl Andre and Charlotte Posenenske, Stills Center for Photography, Edinburgh, UK

OFFICE, Kersten Geers David Van Severen – Everything Architecture, Bozar, Brussels, Belgium

2015

Adventures of the Black Square: Abstract Art and Society 1915-2015, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, UK

2014

American Scene Photography: Martin Z. Margulies Collection, Museum of Art Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA

Road Trip, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France

Terra Firma: Landscapes from the Photography and Media Arts Collection, The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

Mais avant de mourir, j’aimerais savoir qui vous êtes, Cortex Athletico Galerie – Art Contemporain, Bordeaux, France

Crossroads, Lillehammer Art Museum, Lillehammer, Lillehammer, Norway

Un Cabinet D’Amateur. 2 Years After, Un Cabinet D’Amateur, Sofia, Bulgaria

2013

CONCRETE – Fotografie und Architektur, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland

I Mondi dell’Industria, MAST Gallery, Bologna, Italy

An Artificial Wilderness – The Landscape in Contemporary Photography, The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut , USA

A Democracy of Images: Photographs from the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., USA

Usual Suspects, Un Cabinet D’Amateur, Sofia, Bulgaria

Industrial Effects: Photographs from the Henry Art Gallery Collection, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, Washington, D.C., USA

This Infinite World, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Winterthur, Switzerland

2012 – 2013

Art, science et fiction, MAC’s – Site du Grand-Hornu, Hornu, Belgium

2012

ED RUSCHA JOHN McLAUGHLIN LEWIS BALTZ, Zander Galerie, Cologne, Germany

Carl Andre/Lewis Baltz, Tate Modern, London, UK

2011 – 2012

Photography Calling! Fotografie und Gegenwart, Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Germany

2011

DC Bonus, organized by the galleries Schmidt Maczollek, Michael Wiesehöfer and Thomas Zander, Forum für Fotografie, Cologne, Germany

Hyper Real – Kunst und Amerika um 1970, Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany

New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, SK Stiftung/Kultur, Cologne, Germany

2010 – 2011

Hyper Real – Realismen in Malerei und Fotografie, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, Vienna, Austria

New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, Landesgalerie Linz, Austria

2010

American Documents, Fotomuseum Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Anonymous America: photography and film, Le Bal, Paris, France

MOCA’s First Thirty Years, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

Ruptures and Continuities: Photography Made after 1960 from the MFAH Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, USA

The View from Here, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

New Topographics: Photographs of a Man-Altered Landscape, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

Identité(s) / Territorialité(s), TRAFIC – FRAC Haute-Normandie, Sotteville-lès-Rouen, France

Le paradis, ou presque : Los Angeles [1865-2008], Musée Nicéphore Niépce, Chalon-sur-Saone, France

2009

Into the Sunset, Photography’s Image of the American West, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

Life is stranger than fiction, Foto Kunst Stadtforum, Innsbruck, Austria

This Side of Paradise: Los Angeles (1865-2008), Musée de l’Elysée, Lausanne, Switzerland

Seventies, le choc de la photographie américaine, BNF – Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France

Into the Sunset, Photography’s Image of the American West, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

2008

Universal Archive. The Condition of the Document and Modern Photographic Utopia, Museum Colecçao Berardo, MACBA, Barcelona, Spain

Context: Double Down: Two Visions of Vegas (with works by Olivo Barbieri and Stephen Dean), San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

This Side of Paradise: Body and Landscape in LA Photographs, The Huntington Library, San Marino, California, USA

Jennifer Bornstein Selects From the Grunwald Collection, Hamme Museum, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA

20th Century Photography, Chiba City Museum of Art, Chiba City, Japan

Here Is Every: Four Decades of Contemporary Art, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

D’Impossibles Trendezvous-Biennale de St. Denis, Paris, France

American Photography les Annees 70, Bibliothèque nationale, Paris, France

2007

Ingenuity, Calouste Golbenkian Center, Lisbon, Portugal

Life is Stranger Than Fiction, Albertina Museum, Vienna, Austria

Views of Water, Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan

Des fantomes et des anges, Musée d’Art Moderne, Villeneuve-d’Ascq, France

Art for Yale: Collecting for the 21st Century, Yale University Art Museum, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

2006

TRANS EMILIA. Collection Linea di Confine, Fotomuseum Winterthur, Switzerland and SK- Stiftung/Kultur, Cologne, Germany

Tempo Moderno, Palazzo Ducale, Genova, Italy

2005

STEIDL China Launch and Photography Exhibition, Timezone 8 Editions, Beijing, China

The Altered Landscape: The Carol Franc Buck Collection, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C., USA

2004

Evidence of Impact: Art and Photography 1963-1978, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA

2003

Cruel and Tender, Tate Modern, London, UK and Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

2002

In situ, 4eme Biennale de Enghien-les-Bains, France

Visions From America, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA

2001

CTRL SPACE – Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsruhe, Germany

Le moment contemporain de la fabrique du paysage, Institute Franco-Japoniaise, Tokyo, Japan

Luoghi come paesaggi / Places as Landscape II, Palazzo Reale, Naples, Italy

2000

How You Look At It, Sprengel Museum Hannover, Germany, circulating to Städel Museum, Frankfurt, Germany

Afterimages, Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Identification of a Landscape, Assessori di Cultura Commune de Venezia, Venice, Italy

1999

The American Century Whitney Museum, New York, NY, USA

Photographie als Ruine, Kunsthalle Krems, Krems an der Donau, Austria

Views from the End of the World, Marlborough Gallery, New York, NY, USA

Changement d’air, Musée d’art moderne Lille Metropole, Lille, France

1997

Absolute Landscape, Yokohama Museum of Art, Yokohama, Japan

Artists’ Position on the Industrial Landscape, Museum Grassi, Leipzig, Germany

Scene of the Crime, Armand Hammer Museum, UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA

1996

Prospect 96, Frankfurter Kunstverein and Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt/Main, Germany

The Perpetual Mirage, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA

Homo Ecologicus. Fondacion Juan Miro, Barcelona, Spain

Crossing the Frontier, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

1995

Ars 95, Atheneum, Helsinki, Finland

Le Monde Apres La Photographie, Musee d’art moderne, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France and Villa Arson, Nice, France,

Photography After Photography, Aktionsforum Praterinsel, Munich, Germany

Geschichten von Verlangen und Macht, Museum für Fotografie, Braunschweig, Germany

1994

La Ville, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France

The Act of Seeing (Urban Space) Foundation pour l’Architecture, Brussels, Belgium

1993

Critical Landscapes, Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan

Photographs From the Real World, Lillehammer Art Museum, Lillehammer, Norway

Photoplay: Works from The Chase Manhattan Collection. Center for Fine Arts, Miami, Florida, USA

1992

Wasteland – From now on, Fotografie Biennial III, Rotterdam, Netherlands

1990

Signs of Life: Process and Materials, 1960-1990, ICA Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

1989

Photography Now, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

On the Art of Fixing A Shadow: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Photography, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. , USA

Dialectical Landscapes: Nuovo Passagio Americano, Palazzo Fortuny, Venice, Italy

1987

Vom Landschaftsbild zur Spurensicherung, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany

Modern Photography and Beyond, National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan

Photography and Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

1985

Paris-New York-Tokyo, Tsukuba Museum, Tokyo, Japan

Photography in California, 1945-1980, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

1980

Photographie als Kunst: Kunst als Photographie, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria

1979

American Images, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA

1978

Mirrors and Windows: American Photography since 1960, Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

1977

Biennial Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA

1975

New Topographics. Photographers of a Man-Altered Landscape, George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, NY, USA

IXe Biennale de Paris, Musee d’Art Moderne de Ville de Paris, Paris, France

Other Selected Projects

2002 – 2005

Piazza Anrolfo di Cambio, Colle Val d’Elsa, Italy

2001

Swimming To the Seine, private client, Paris, France

1999

Michelina, Academy de France a Rome, Villa Medici, Rome, Italy

1998

Venezia / Marghera Assessorato di cultura, Venice, Italy

1997

Zurich 97, Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

1994 – 1996

Kunst und Landschaft, Siemens Kulturprogramm

1991

Linea de Confine: Scandiano, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Selected Bibliography

2020

Thomas Zander (Ed.): Lewis Baltz / Sol LeWitt, exh. cat., Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Cologne, Germany

2017

Lewis Baltz, Exh. cat., Fundación MAPFRE, Madrid, Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2014

Common Objects/Lewis Baltz, exh. cat., Le Bal, Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2012

Lewis Baltz, exh. cat., Kestnergesellschaft, Verlag der Buchhandlung Walther König, Cologne, Germany

Lewis Baltz. Rule without Exception, only Exceptions, exh. cat., Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

Lewis Baltz. True stories, exh. cat., Pinakothek der Moderne, Sammlung Moderne Kunst, Munich, Germany

ED RUSCHA JOHN McLAUGHLIN LEWIS BALTZ, exh. cat., Galerie Thomas Zander, Cologne, Germany

2011

Lewis Baltz. Candlestick Point, Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2010

Lewis Baltz. Works (including 10 books), Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2007

Lewis Baltz. 89/91 Sites of Technology, Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2005

Lewis Baltz. The Prototypes, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; RAM, Los Angeles and Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

Lewis Baltz. The Tract Houses, Essay by Sherlm Conkleton, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; RAM, Los Angeles; Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

2003

Lewis Baltz. The Deaths In Newport, onestarpress, Paris, France

2001

Lewis Baltz. Was wäre wenn, Kunstverein Rüsselsheim e.V., Rüsselsheim, Germany

Lewis Baltz. The New Industrial Parks Near Irvine, California, Steidl Publishers, Göttingen, Germany

Rian, Jeff: Lewis Baltz, Phaidon, London, UK

1998

Butler, Cornelia: Lewis Baltz, Politics of Bacteria, Docile Bodies, Ronde de nuit, Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles and RAM, Los Angeles

1996

Geschichten von Verlangen und Macht, with Slavica Perkovic, Scalo Verlag, Zurich, Switzerland and New York

1995

Les Morts de Newport Beach, Editions de l’Aquarium Agnostique, Valenciennes, France

Baudier, Dennis and Salling Morten: Lewis Baltz, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark

The Deaths In Newport, CD-ROM, Paradox, Rotterdam, Netherlands

1993

Stahel, Urs (Ed.): Regle Ohne Ausnahme, Scalo Verlag, Zurich, Switzerland & Berlin, Germany

Lamarche-Vadel, Bernard: Lewis Baltz, Editions de La Difference, Paris, France

1992

Fukugawa, Masafumi (Ed.): Rule Without Exception, Kawasaki City Museum, Kawasaki, Japan

Visser, Hripsime, Lewis Baltz: 5 Projects, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Ronde de Nuit, with Olivier Boissiere. CCI, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France

1991

Turrell, Julia Brown (Ed.): Rule Without Exception, Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IA, USA

Giochi di Simulazione, Linea di Confine di Reggio Emilia, Italy

1989

Lewis Baltz. Candlestick Point, Text by Gus Blaisdell, Min Gallery, Tokyo, Japan

1986

Lewis Baltz. San Quentin Point, Essay by Mark Haworth-Booth, Editions de La Difference, Paris and Aperture, New York, USA

1981

Lewis Baltz. Park City, with Gus Blaisdell, Castelli Graphics New York, with Aperture, Inc., New York, NY, USA

1978

Lewis Baltz. Nevada, Castelli Graphics, New York, NY, USA

1976

Lewis Baltz. Maryland, Essay by Jane Livingston, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

1975

Lewis Baltz. The New Industrial Parks Near Irvine, California, Castelli Graphics, New York, NY, USA

Public Collections

The Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Bibliothéque Nationale, Paris, France

Canadian Center for Architecture, Montreal, Canada

Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. , USA

Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa, USA

Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusettsmassachusetts

George Eastman House, Rochester, New York, NYmassachusetts

Guggenheim Museum, New York, NYmassachusetts

Henie-Onstad Foundation, Oslo, Norway

International Center of Photography, New York, NYmassachusetts

Kawasaki City Museum, Kawasaki, Japan

KMS Fine Art Group, Baar, Switzerland

Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, Californiamassachusetts

Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Humlebaek, Denmark

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; NYmassachusetts

Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan

Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsinmassachusetts

Minneapolis Institute of Art, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden

Musee d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France

Musei Civici, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki, Finland

Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California, USA

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas, USA

Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY, USA

National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada

National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, Japan

National Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C., USA

Simon Museum, Pasadena, California, USA

Oakland Museum, Oakland, California, USA

Palazzo Fortuny, Venice, Italy

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich, Germany

Power Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, New Jersey, USA

Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA

St. Louis Museum of Art, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California, USA

Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK

Wellesley College Art Museum, Wellesley, Massachusetts, USA

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY, USA

Williams College Art Museum, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA

Yale University Art Museum, New Haven, Connecticut, USA

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